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Biography
The Los Angeles Philharmonic was founded in 1919 (the Vienna Philharmonic in 1842) by Los Angeles millionaire and avid amateur musician William Andrews Clark, Jr. The orchestra's first music director was Walter Rothwell, hired away from the St Paul Symphony. After the 94 musicians rehearsed for ten days – beginning on October 13 - the first concert was given on October 24, 1919 at Trinity Auditorium (Los Angeles.) The following year, the Philharmonic moved into The Temple, a church built in 1907 but renamed Philharmonic Auditorium. Since the hall remained a place of worship, the orchestra had to plan its activities around those of the congregation. Philharmonic Auditorium was the orchestra’s home for the next 44 years. Following Rothwell’s death in 1927, George Schneevoigt took over, but only for 2 years. Artur Rodzinski followed in 1929. After Rodzinski left for Cleveland (1933), Otto Klemperer took over (1933-1939.) Klemperer lasted 6 years (1933-1939.) In 1943, Alfred Wallenstein began a 13-year tenure (1943-1956) followed by Eduard Van Beinum (1956-1959.) On or about 1947, the Los Angeles Philharmonic began a summer series at the Hollywood Bowl which now runs 12 weeks. Its regular season runs for about 30 weeks. The Dorothy Chandler Pavilion became the orchestra’s regular venue in 1964. Zubin Mehta became the orchestra’s conductor in 1962. His tenure ran for 14 years (until 1978, when he left for New York.) Carlo Maria Giulini succeeded Mehta in 1978 and stayed until 1984. Andre Previn led the orchestra from 1985 until 1989. In 1990, management separated the summer series from the regular season and the orchestra for this series became the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra with its own permanent conductor, John Mauceri (in the style of the Boston Pops and other orchestras.) Esa Pekka Salonen has led the orchestra since 1992 (17 years.) His tenure finished in the Spring of 2009. Gustavo Dudamel takes over beginning with the 2009-2010 season. Since 2003, the orchestra has played in its new Walt Disney Concert Hall, a magnificent and unusual structure with superb acoustics.
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