(1858 - 1924).  Italian composer, especially of opera.  He came from a musical family, first studying piano and organ, and eventually enrolling at the Milan Conservatory.  After seeing a performance of Verdi's "Aida", he decided to dedicate himself to opera.

His first success was "Manon Lescaut", followed by his masterpiece "La Boheme".  His "Tosca", "Madama Butterfly", and "Gianni Schicchi", and his final unfinished work "Turandot" are among his greatest operas.

His ability to create vivid vocal character studies, and his complete mastery of orchestration, have kept all of these works in the active repertoire of leading opera houses for well over a century.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 24 Sep 2009