(1809 - 1847)  German pianist, composer, and conductor.  In adolescence, his abilities as a pianist brought him early fame.  His Octet for Strings, written at age 16, and his Midsummer Night's Dream Overture at age 17 displayed a full mastery of composition. 

He was deeply interested in the musical tradition established by J. S. Bach, Handel, Mozart, and Beethoven.  His travels as a pianist and conductor, his founding of the Leipzig Conservatory, and his leadership of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra made him one of the most influential musicians of the 19th century.

Any list of his greatest works is sure to include his Violin Concerto in E minor, the Symphonies no 3 "Scottish" and no 4 "Italian", Piano Concerto no 1 in G minor, Octet for Strings, Overture and Incidental Music to "A Midsummer Night's Dream", the Hebrides Overture, and the oratorio "Elijah".
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 22 Sep 2009