(1811 - 1886).  Austro-Hungarian pianist and composer.  His early performances as a child prodigy brought him to the attention of Beethoven, Salieri, and Czerny.  But his encounters with the music of Paganini and Berlioz galvanized his determination to become the greatest pianist of the age.

As a composer, he created works that pushed the boundries of traditional harmony by breaking with established musical form.  The symphonic poem was his original creation, and his virtuoso transcriptions and paraphrases of music by other composers were unparalleled.  Chopin and Wagner dedicated major works to him.

Liszt's Piano Concerto no 1, the symphonic poem "Les Preludes", and his Hungarian Rhapsodies (in both piano and orchestral versions) are among his most popular works.  The 12 Transcendental Etudes forshadowed the works of impressionist and 20th century composers by several decades.  The Sonata in B minor is a landmark of the romantic era piano repertoire.  His Paganini Etude "La Campanella" and the Liebestraume no 3 are perennial favorites.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 22 Sep 2009