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(1697-1764). French ballet master, violinist, composer, and founder of the French violin school.

Leclair came from a large musical family in Lyon. Early on he was active as a dancer and ballet master in Lyon and Turin. In Paris, his Opus 1 Sonatas were published in 1723, and in the following years his violin playing and compositions became his main focus.

By the 1730's he was in Paris as a musician at the court of Louis XV, but frequently traveled abroad. These travels, along with many musical experiences and explorations, allowed him to meet and become well acquainted with the violinist Pietro Locatelli. The friendship served to infuse his French training with the best aspects of Italian performance practice. The result was Leclair's founding of a French school of violin playing that influenced generations of violinists to come.

As Leclair aged, he became increasingly reclusive, alienating many friends, family, and his estranged ex-wives. His death in 1764 was an unsolved murder.

By age 35, Leclair was acclaimed as the equal of Telemann, Handel, and Bach. While historians have not been as kind to him, there is no question that his contributions to the art of violin playing were highly significant.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 13 Apr 2011
steven - 13 Apr 2011
steven - 13 Apr 2011
steven - 13 Apr 2011
iecontent1 - 10 May 2010
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