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Biography
(1743-1805).  Italian born Spanish composer and cellist.  He grew up in the Italian city of Lucca, but his talents as a performer allowed him to secure positions at the Vienna Court Theater, the Concert Spirituel in Paris, and he later served as court composer in Prussia.  From 1769 onward he was chamber composer to the royal court in Madrid.  He also toured extensively.  Over time, however, his music fell out of fashion, and he died in obscurity at Madrid in 1805. 

Boccherini's admiration for the music of Haydn is evident throughout his musical output, yet he also infused several of his compositions with Spanish flavor. His Quintet for Guitar and Strings no 4 in D major (G 448) is subtitled "Fandango", and includes many evocative moments for the guitar.  The Quintet for Strings no 6 in C major, Op. 30 is subtitled "Night Music from Madrid", which is remarkable for its many advanced harmonic effects, foreshadowing impressionistic and 20th century techniques.

Boccherini wrote over 500 instrumental works (chamber music dominates).  His Quintet for Strings no 5 in E major (G 275) contains his celebrated "Minuet".  Among his many Cello Concerti, his Concerto no 9 in B flat major (G 482) remains a favorite with performers and audiences. 
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 13 Jan 2010
steven - 13 Jan 2010
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