(1803 - 1869).  French Composer, conductor, and critic.  His music was more popular abroad than in France, where he was better known as a writer and critic.  His "Treatise on Orchestration" greatly influenced other composers.

His passion for the Irish Shakespearean actress Harriet Smithson (who later became his wife) prompted the composition of his Symphonie Fantastique, a romantic masterpiece.  Accordingly, he is considered the father of modern orchestration, and an archetypical romantic artist.

His works did not fit neatly into established genres; instead, they expanded the boundries of the symphony, concerto, and opera.

Among his most important and innovative compositions are his opera "Les Troyens", the dramatic symphony "Romeo and Juliet", his symphonic concerto for viola and orchestra "Harold in Italy", his Requiem, the oratorio "L'enfance du Christ", and the overtures Roman Carnival, Le Corsaire, and Benvenuto Cellini.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 23 Nov 2010
steven - 22 Sep 2009