Field Descriptions
Click on a field for more details and examples
Field Description Example(s)
Act One of the main divisions of an opera or ballet I, II
Album Title Title of a music album - see below for suggested formats Bard College Conservatory, Bagwell / Bruce: A Bird in your Ear
Arranged By Individual who adpated a composer's original work for different voices or instruments Maurice Ravel
Artist Instrumentalist or vocalist, not the conductor or ensemble Yefim Bronfman
Composer Individual who composed a work Ludwig van Beethoven
Concert Title Programmatic title of a concert - see below for suggested formats New York Philharmonic, Maazel / Bronfman / Ravel, Beethoven, Bartók
Conductor Individual who leads an ensemble Lorin Maazel
Ensemble Group of artists that perform together - orchestral, chamber or vocal New York Philharmonic
Festival A series of concerts played over one or more weeks - typically in the summer Aspen Music Festival
Form/Genre Structure or style of a music composition Symphony, Concerto, Opera, Suite
Hall An area for concerts inside a venue - only needed if the venue has multiple performance areas Avery Fisher Hall
Instrument Device used to play music - also used as vocal range Piano, Violin, Soprano
Language The language that is used in an opera, vocal performance or narration Italian, French
More Info Link Webpage to direct users to for more information http://www.mywebsite.com/moreconcertinfo.html
Purchase Link Webpage where users can purchase tickets to a specific performance. http://www.mywebsite.com/get-tickets-beethoven-march-1.html
Miscellaneous Contributors to an item who are NOT performing or presenting the item Artist management or recording engineer
Movement # Numeric represenation of a section of a symphony, concerto, sonata or chamber work I, II
Period A period of time in classical music history Romantic
Presenter Organization that is responsible for a concert Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
Released The date an album is made available for streaming, download or sale MM/DD/YYYY
Track Title A programmatic title or tempo marking of a movement, song or aria Allegro con brio, Nessun Dorma
Venue Performing arts center or location of a concert Lincoln Center
Work A musical composition Symphony no 5 in C minor, Op. 67
Act
Description

One of the main divisions of an opera or ballet

Examples
  • I
  • II
  • III
  • IV
Description

Title of a music album

Remarks

Please see the Concert Title section for suggested formats and rules. If there is an obvious programmatic title for the album that may be used as well.

Examples
  • Bard College Conservatory, Bagwell / Bruce: A Bird in your Ear
  • Avalon String Quartet / Epstein, Cobb / Schubert, Beethoven
  • Chesapeake Chamber Music Festival / Saint-Saëns, Glinka, Duruflé
Description

Individual who adpated a composer's original work for different voices or instruments

Remarks

This field should be used in addition to the composer and work fields to identify the individual who arranged, orchestrated or transcribed a work.

John Rutter would be listed in the Arranged By field for his arrangement of Franz Gruber's "Silent Night".

Andrés Segovia would be listed in the Arranged By field for his transcription of Bach's "Suite for Cello solo no 3 in C major, BWV 1009".

Maurice Ravel would be listed in the Arranged By field for his orchestration of Mussorgsky's "Pictures at an Exhibition".

Examples
  • John Rutter
  • Andrés Segovia
  • Maurice Ravel
Description

Instrumentalist or vocalist, not the conductor or ensemble

Remarks

For chamber music concerts the individual artists should be listed in this field and the name of the group in the ensemble field. For orchestral works use the ensemble field. You may include aritsts on orchestral works if you would like to highlight soloists.

Examples
  • Yefim Bronfman
  • Joshua Bell
  • Renée Fleming
Description

Individual who composed a work

Remarks

The composer field refers to the individual who wrote the composition.

Examples
  • Ludwig van Beethoven
  • Giacomo Puccini
  • John Adams
Description

Programmatic title of a concert

Remarks

All names should be LAST NAME ONLY. An exception is made for common last names like "Strauss". In this case include the first letter of the first name such as "R. Strauss". Johann Strauss Sr. should be "J. Strauss Sr." and Johann Strauss Jr. should be "J. Strauss Jr." Johann Sebastian Bach should be just "Bach" but the other Bachs should have their initials such as "C.P.E. Bach".

If there is a long list of soloists or composers only include the three most important. If necessary you may add "et al".

The following list of abbreviations can be used to shorten the Concert Title:

  • Symphony Orchestra: SO
  • Chamber Orchestra: CO
  • Philharmonic Orchestra: PO
  • Youth Orchestra: YO

Below are the suggested formats depending on the type of concert and number of works and performers:

  • Orchestral with Multiple Works
    • Ensemble, Conductor / Artists / Composers
  • Orchestral with Single Work
    • Ensemble, Conductor / Artists / Composer: Work
  • Orchestral Pops
    • Ensemble / Program Title / Conductor / Artists
  • Choral with Multiple Works
    • Ensemble, Conductor / Artists / Composers
  • Choral with Single Work
    • Ensemble, Conductor / Artists / Composer: Work
  • Chamber Music with Multiple Works
    • Ensemble / Artists / Composers
  • Chamber Music with Single Work
    • Ensemble / Artists / Composer: Work
  • Opera / Ballet
    • Opera Company / Composer: Title / Conductor / Artists
  • Recital with One Soloist
    • Artist (instrument) / Composers
  • Recital with Multiple Soloists
    • Artist 1 (instrument), Artist 2 (instrument) / Composers
Examples
  • New York Philharmonic, Maazel / Bronfman / Ravel, Beethoven, Bartók
  • San Francisco Opera / Handel: Ariodante / Summers / Graham, Swenson, Podles, et al
  • Shaham (violin), Harrell (cello), Bronfman (piano) / Mozart, Dalbavie, Shostakovich
Description

Individual who leads an ensemble

Remarks

The conductor is the individual who leads an ensemble during a performance.

Examples
  • Lorin Maazel
  • Marin Alsop
  • Riccardo Muti
Description

Group of artists that perform together - orchestral, chamber or vocal

Remarks

An ensemble could be an orchestra, chamber music group, chorus or group of vocalists. If a work is performed by multiple ensembles then each ensemble should be listed seperately. For Beethoven's 9th Symphony both the orchestra and chorus should be listed (i.e "San Francisco Symphony Orchestra" and "San Francisco Symphony Chorus").

Examples
  • New York Philharmonic
  • Emerson String Quartet
  • San Francisco Symphony Orchestra
  • San Francisco Symphony Chorus
Description

A series of concerts played over one or more weeks - typically in the summer

Remarks

A series of concerts organized by a presenter whose main season of performances occurs in summer. Often, these performances take place in a park, preserve, amphitheater or other warm weather venue.

Examples
  • Aspen Music Festival
  • Santa Fe Opera
  • Grand Teton Music Festival
  • Glimmerglass Opera
  • Brevard Music Center
  • Chautauqua
  • Glyndebourne
  • Salzburg Festivals
  • Mostly Mozart Festival
Description

Structure or style of a music composition

Remarks

More than one Form/Genre can be used to describe a work.

Examples
  • Symphony
  • Concerto
  • Quartet
  • Suite
  • Opera
  • Aria
Description

An area for concerts inside a venue - only needed if the venue has multiple performance areas

Remarks

A hall is only required if the venue has multiple dedicated spaces for performance. For instance, "Carnegie Hall" is a venue and it has the halls, "Stern Auditorium", "Weill Recital Hall", and "Zankel Hall". A hall cannot exist without having a parent venue.

Avery Fisher Hall is a hall in the Lincoln Center venue.

Zankel Hall is a hall in the Carnegie Hall venue.

Terrace Theater is a hall in the Kenney Center venue.

Examples
  • Avery Fisher Hall
  • Zankel Hall
  • Terrace Theater
Description

Device used to play music - also used as vocal range

Remarks

For vocal artists, the instrument field is used to describe their vocal range (Soprano, Tenor, etc).

Examples
  • Piano
  • Violin
  • Marimba
  • Soprano
  • Tenor
Description

The language that is used in an opera, vocal performance or narration

Remarks

The language field is only used for vocal works like opera or song cycles.

Examples
  • Italian
  • French
  • English
Description

Contributors to an item who are NOT performing or presenting the item

Remarks

This field should be used to tag people or organizations who contribute to an item but are not performing or official presenters. For example, an artist management firm or recording engineer could be tagged in the Miscellaneous field. If someone is tagged in the Miscellaneous field the item will appear on their InstantEncore Page, iPhone App or WebKit widgets. However, they will not be listed on the item details page with the main contributors (artists, conductors, ensembles, presenters).

Examples
  • An artist management firm
  • A recording engineer
Description

Webpage to direct users to for more information

Remarks

Please keep the link field up to date so that users can easily find more information about your event.

Examples
  • http://www.mywebsite.com/moreconcertinfo.html
Description

Webpage where users can purchase tickets to a specific performance.

Remarks

This link should take users to a page where they can purchase tickets. It will not be displayed after a concert has occurred. It should be different than the More Info Link. The Purchase Link is optional, whereas the More Info Link should always be included.

Examples
  • http://www.mywebsite.com/get-tickets-beethoven-march-1.html
Description

Numeric represenation of a section of a symphony, concerto, sonata or chamber work

Remarks

Only use movements for symphonies, concertos, sonatas and chamber music (trios, quartets, quintets, etc).

For opera and ballet this field can be used as "scene" (in conjunction with the act field).

Examples
  • I
  • II
  • III
  • IV
Description

A period of time in classical music history

Remarks

The six classical music periods used on InstantEncore are:

  • Medieval
  • Renaissance
  • Baroque
  • Classical
  • Romantic
  • 20th Century
Description

Organization that is responsible for a concert

Remarks

For orchestral concerts the presenter is often the same as the ensemble. For example the "New York Philharmonic" often presents its own concerts featuring the "New York Philharmonic" as the ensemble. However, chamber music concerts and recitals are often presented by separate organizations. For example "Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center" may present a concert featuring the "Emerson String Quartet" as the ensemble.

Competitions and conservatories are also frequently listed under the presenter field.

More than one organization can be listed if necessary.

Examples
  • Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center
  • New York Philharmonic
  • International Violin Competition of Indianapolis
  • Curtis Institute of Music
Description

The date an album is made available for streaming, download or sale

Examples
  • MM/DD/YYYY
Description

A programmatic title or tempo marking of a movement, song or aria

Remarks

A track title is the name of a section of a work. Usually a tempo marking or programattic title for a movement for most instrumental works.

Examples
  • Allegro con brio (part of the work "Symphony no 5 in C minor, Op. 67" by Beethoven)
  • Nessun Dorma (part of the work "Turandot" by Puccini)
  • Ondine (part of the work "Gaspard de la nuit" by Ravel)
Description

Performing arts center or location of a concert

Remarks

At locations with multiple performance spaces the venue should be the name of the main performing arts center. Individual performance spaces inside the main venue would be listed in the hall field. For example, "Lincoln Center" is a venue and the hall field would be used to specify "Avery Fisher Hall", "Metropolitan Opera House", "New York State Theater", "Rose Theater", etc. If the venue does not have seperate dedicated spaces for concerts than only the venue is needed and hall can be ignored.

Examples
  • Lincoln Center *
  • Carnegie Hall *
  • Kennedy Center *
  • Davies Symphony Hall
  • Hilbert Circle Theatre
  • Great Whitley Church
  • University of California Berkeley *
* these venues typically have hall information
Description

A musical composition

Remarks

If InstantEncore does not have a reference to a work you need, please follow the standards below when adding the work.

  • Opus and Catalog Numbers
    • Op. 68
    • Op. 2 no 3
    • K 282
    • BWV 1043
  • Key Signature
    • C major
    • C minor
    • B flat major
    • C sharp minor
  • Instruments - Capitalize the first letter of the instrument
    • Sonata for Piano...
    • Concerto for Violin...
  • Nicknames
    • Polonaise in A major "Military"
    • Sonata for Piano no 14 in C sharp minor, Op. 27 no 2 "Moonlight"
    • Piano Concerto no 5 in E flat major, Op. 73 "Emperor"
Examples
  • Symphony no 5 in C minor, Op. 67
  • Symphony no 9 in E minor, Op. 95/B 178 "From the New World"
  • Concerto for Piano no 1 in C major, Op. 15
  • Concerto for Violin no 1 in G minor, Op. 26
  • Sonata for Piano no 14 in C sharp minor, Op. 27 no 2 "Moonlight"
  • Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major, K 526
  • Quartet for Piano and Strings no 1 in G minor, Op. 25
  • Quartet for Strings in F major
  • Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14
  • Rhapsody in Blue
  • Turandot
  • Madama Butterfly