Heinrich Ignaz Biber, Composer
(1644-1703). Bohemian composer. One of the founders of the Germanic school of violin playing, he served in the Salzburg court orchestra and was eventually appointed Kapellmeister. His compositions include works for violin, especially the "Mystery Sonatas", operas, and sacred works. Biber was among the earliest violinist-composers to utilize the scordatura tuning technique. Grove Dictionary observes "his technical and artistic use of an amazing variety of altered tunings helped to create a...