(1883-1945). Austrian composer.
Webern attended the University of Vienna, but it was his studies with Arnold Schoenberg which determined his future direction as a composer. With his fellow student Alban Berg they founded what became regarded as the Second Viennese School, with Schoenberg's 12-tone composition method as its basis.
During the 1920's and 30's Webern was active as a conductor throughout Europe, and also as a teacher.
His 'serial' compositions, and their lasting influence, ensure his place in music history. Yet among his most popular and enduring compositions are his early works - the Passacaglia, Op. 1, and 6 Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 6, the 5 Pieces for Orchestra, Op. 10 - and his chamber works, including the Bagatelles for String Quartet, Op. 9. Of his later work, most notable are his Symphony, Op. 21, the Variations for Piano, Op. 27, and the Quartet for Strings, Op. 28.
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