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Biography
(1810 - 1856).  German composer and writer.  His early gifts as a pianist were impaired by a hand injury, but his activities as a music journalist, and especially as a composer, eventually established him as an iconic figure of the romantic era.  His marriage to the young virtuoso pianist Clara Wieck proved crucial in providing the necessary emotional support and stable home life in his struggles with severe bouts of depression.  With Clara's support, he worte many of his greatest compositions.  After his death, she became a champion of his works, performing many of them in concerts across Europe.

As a music journalist, his articles on young artists - especially his discovery of Chopin, and later, Brahms - were important in bringing early attention to these rising stars.

Schumann's piano compositions broke new ground, both in their expressive context, and in form.  His piano suites "Carnaval", "Kinderszenen", and "Kreisleriana", the Symphonic Etudes, Fantasy in C major, and "Faschingsschwank aus Wien" are all important contributions to the piano repertoire.  The Piano Quintet in E flat major, Op. 44 was the first successful work of its kind, and a masterpiece of chamber music.  His Piano Concerto and Cello Concerto are frequently performed.  His Symphony no 1 "Spring", no 3 "Rhenish" and the Manfred Overture are defining works of the romantic orchestral repertoire.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 22 Sep 2009
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