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Biography
(1860 - 1911).  Gustav Mahler established himself early as a master conductor.  He studied at the Vienna Conservatory, and served as conductor and director of orchestras and opera houses in Prague, Leipzig, Budapest, Hamburg, and Vienna.  His mastery of conducting was admired by Tchaikovsky and Brahms.  His final posts were in New York City, where he served in brief conducting tenures at the Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

His lasting legacy is as a composer of 9 monumental symphonies, now considered to be the culminating symphonies of the romantic era.  Though sharply criticized for their length, loudness, and perceived dissonance at the time of their premieres, ALL nine symphonies (and the Adagio from his unfinished tenth symphony) have rightly found a permanent place in the orchestral repertoire.  His song cycles (especially "Das Lied von der Erde") are also important.
This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 24 Sep 2009
ross - 22 Sep 2009
ross - 22 Sep 2009
Unknown - 8 May 2009
Unknown - 8 May 2009
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