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(1770-1827).  This composer literally altered the course of music history by infusing dramatic and romantic elements into his music and by developing the contemporary musical forms to the peak of their expressive capabilities.

His Symphony no 3 in E flat major (Eroica) expanded the symphony beyond anything that Haydn and Mozart attempted.  Additionally, his 5th and 9th (Choral) Symphonies affirmed and further expanded the form and language of the symphony.  Beethoven's Piano Sonatas refined and defined the genre for generations to come.  His 5 Piano Concertos remain the center of gravity in that genre, as well as his String Quartets (especially Op. 59, 127, 130, and 131).

Beethoven wrote in virtually every genre, and set a standard against which all succeeding composers compared their own works.  Among his other important works are the Missa Solemnis, his Violin Concerto, the Sonatas for Violin, the Sonatas for Cello, and the opera "Fidelio".


Other insights:

Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer and pianist born (perhaps) on December 16, 1770 (Mozart was 14 years old). He started out on violin and viola but soon gravitated toward the piano and became a virtuoso on that instrument. He wrote 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 opera, 1 violin concerto, a triple concerto for piano, cello, and violin, several overtures, and quite a bit of chamber music. He was very famous in his day and even more famous now. Though he enjoyed patronage from the nobility, he was not an employee of any royal court. He rivals Mozart and Bach for the title of "greatest composer who ever lived." Beethoven died in March of 1827.


This biography was most recently edited by...
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 8 Feb 2010
steven - 27 Sep 2009
steven - 22 Sep 2009
violinhunter - 11 May 2009
violinhunter - 11 May 2009
violinhunter - 11 May 2009
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